Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle
TREE OF HEAVEN
Tree-of-Heaven; Toxicodendron altissimum Mill; Ailanthus glandulosa Desf; Ailanthus rhodoptera FMuell; Ailantus rhodoptera orth var FMuell; Chinese Sumac; Stink Sumac; Paradise-Tree; Copal-Tree
Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Simaroubaceae   Ailanthus

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Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven fruit
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven fruit
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven

Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima, Tree-of-Heaven

Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima

Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima

Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima

Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima

Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Ailanthus altissima

Ailanthus altissima, _fruit_close_up.JP80279_45.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Ailanthus altissima, fruit close up
JP80279_45
Ailanthus altissima, _leaves.JP80279_46.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Ailanthus altissima, leaves
JP80279_46

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Agaricaceae  Phoma glandulosae @ BPI (1)
Arthoniaceae  Arthonia quintaria @ I_GBP (2)
Botryosphaeriaceae  Botryosphaeria ribis @ BPI (1)
Diaporthaceae  Phomopsis @ BPI (1)
Erysiphaceae  Phyllactinia ailanthi @ BPI (1)

Phyllactinia corylea @ BPI (4)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora glandulosa @ BPI (2)
Nitschkiaceae  Fracchiaea heterogenea @ BPI (1)
Pseudococcidae  Pseudococcus comstocki @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Pseudococcus viburni @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Schizophyllaceae  Schizophyllum commune @ BPI (1)
_  Lycorma delicatula @ UDCC_TCN (6)

Patouillardiella @ BPI (1)

Septotrullula bacilligera @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Global Invasive Species Team, The Nature Conservancy
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ERROR -- Need to remove recursive link: http://pick18.pick.uga.edu/mp/20p%3Fsee%3DI_USID10%26res%3D320 USID_Seeds

Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=3&page=545

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Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
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Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle - Tree of Heaven

Ailanthus altissimus plant

Family - Simaroubaceae

Stems - No info. yet.

Leaves - No info. yet.

Inflorescence - No info. yet.

Ailanthus altissimus inflorescence Staminate inflorescence.

Flowers - Staminate flowers - Fetid. Pedicels to 6mm long, sparse pubescent. Calyx tube 1mm long, 2mm broad, 5-lobed. Lobes acute, .8mm long. Petals 5, cupped, greenish-white, 3.5mm long, alternating with the calyx lobes, 3.5mm long, 1.2mm broad, densely pubescent near the base abaxially, also pubescent on the margins and some adaxially. Stamens 10, erect to spreading. Filaments densely pubescent (at least in the basal 1/2), white, 2.5mm long. Anthers yellow, 1.2mm long.

Ailanthus altissimus flowers

Ailanthus altissimus calyx Calyx.

Flowering - May - June.

Habitat - Waste ground, along streams, base of bluffs, thickets, roadsides, railroads, commonly cultivated.

Origin - Native to Asia.

Other info. - This common tree can be found scattered throughout Missouri in the wild and is widely cultivated. The plant grows fast and is quite a noxious weed. It also grows well from seed. It should not be willingly spread in the wild. Trees can be staminate, pistillate, or perfect. Only the staminate plants have a bad odor when flowering.
A. altissima has been used medicinally in the past. A tea made from the bark is used to treat diarrhea, dysentery, and tapeworms. Large doses of the tea, however, may be toxic. The tree has also been shown to have antimalarial properties. In China, some cases of hay fever have been attributed to the plant.
The wood of this species can be mixed with other hardwoods for pulp in the paper-making process. Sap from the wood has been known to give cause rashes in some people.

Photographs taken at the Kansas City Zoo, 5-18-00.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Sapindales  
 Family Simaroubaceae  
 Genus Ailanthus  
  Ailanthus altissima  
  (Miller) Swingle  var.  tanakai  (Hayata) Sasaki 1928 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 3: 545, 1993
Name Code: 204488
   Endemic     
Suggested Link    Discover Life    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AIAL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AIAL
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=AIAL ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AIAL
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AIAL ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AIAL
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle
tree of heaven

Image of Ailanthus altissima

General Information
Symbol: AIAL
Group: Dicot
Family: Simaroubaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Tree
Native Status : CAN   I
HI   I
L48   I
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Ailanthus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington. 1960. Usage Requirements .

W.D. Brush. Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, MD. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, AL, Auburn Univeristy Campus, Library. 1983. Usage Requirements .

Provided by National Agricultural Library . Originally from USDA Forest Service . United States, DC, Washington, 616 6th St. N.W. 1934. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, VA, Bedford Co. July 16, 2011. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. June 27, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. June 27, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. June 27, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 12, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 12, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 12, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 12, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 12, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 12, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. August 21, 2011. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 23, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 24, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Doug Goldman. Provided by USDA NRCS National Plants Data Team (NPDT) . United States, NC, Guilford Co., Greensboro. May 24, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 446. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
AIGL Ailanthus glandulosa Desf.
TOAL4 Toxicodendron altissimum Mill.

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Sapindales
Family Simaroubaceae – Quassia family
Genus Ailanthus Desf. – ailanthus
Species Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle – tree of heaven

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Connecticut tree of heaven Invasive, banned
Massachusetts tree of heaven Prohibited
New Hampshire tree of heaven Prohibited invasive Species
Vermont tree-of-heaven Class B noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Ailanthus altissima tree-of-heaven This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
Cal-IPC California Invasive Plant Council. 2006. California Invasive Plant Inventory. Cal-IPC Publication 2006-02 (1 February 2007). California Invasive Plant Council. Berkeley, California.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants . Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Hawaii FACU
North America
Arid West FACU
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast UPL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FACU

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (AIAL)
CalPhotos (AIAL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AIAL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (AIGL)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (AIAL)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (AIAL)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (AIAL)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (AIAL)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (AIAL)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (AIAL)
Related Websites
CT-USDA NRCS Invasive Species Identification Sheets (AIAL)
GU-Plant Threats to Pacific Ecosystems (AIAL)
MA-Massachusetts Non-Native Plant Introductions (AIAL)
OH-Invasive Plants of Ohio (AIAL)
Oregon State University Horticultural Plant Materials: images and text (AIAL)
Pennsylvania Department of Natural Resources: abstract & image (AIAL)
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (AIAL)
USDA Forest Service-Silvics of North America (AIAL)
University of Hawaii Botany Department: Alien Plants of Hawaii (AIAL)
University of Hawaii: G.D. Carr image (AIAL)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 60
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Ailanthus altissima%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree-of-heaven
ID: 8076 3101 3985 0075 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus
ID: 5315 2021 1568 0057 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree-of-heaven
ID: 5315 2021 1568 0055 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Copal Tree
ID: 2222 0803 0003 0001 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus
ID: 5315 2021 1568 0056 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree-of-heaven
ID: 8076 3101 3986 0099 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0180 [detail]
© 2005 George W. Hartwell

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus
ID: 0000 0000 0705 0181 [detail]
© 2005 George W. Hartwell

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2198 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2199 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2200 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0871 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0507 0872 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0507 1360 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0507 1363 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0707 0669 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0707 0675 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
ID: 0000 0000 0707 0680 [detail]
© 2007 Luigi Rignanese

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0809 1421 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0809 1420 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 0809 1419 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus
ID: 0000 0000 0709 1390 [detail]
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven, Ailanthus
ID: 0000 0000 0709 1391 [detail]
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton

Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus altissima
Tree of Heaven
ID: 0000 0000 1009 1122 [detail]
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton

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