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Bythitidae
VIVIPAROUS BROTULAS
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Ogilbia boydwalkeri
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ogilbia boydwalkeri
Ogilbia nudiceps
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ogilbia nudiceps

Ogilbia robertsoni
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ogilbia robertsoni
Ogilbia
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Ogilbia

Grammonus diagrammus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Grammonus diagrammus
Grammonus diagrammus
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Grammonus diagrammus

Grammonus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Grammonus
Grammonus diagrammus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Grammonus diagrammus

Saccogaster
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Saccogaster
Saccogaster normae
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Saccogaster normae

Ogilbia deroyi
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Ogilbia deroyi
Ogilbia ventralis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Ogilbia ventralis

Ogilbia sedorae
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Ogilbia sedorae
Ogilbia boydwalkeri
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Ogilbia boydwalkeri

Bythitidae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Bythitidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • front nostril on top lip
  • c: separate or joined with dorsal fin and a
  • operculum with spine
  • pelvics: threads under operculum
FAMILY BYTHITIDAE

BROTULAS

Brotulas are long slender fishes with a long dorsal fin that usually is sometimes continuous with the caudal and anal fins; there are no fin spines; the pelvic fins consist of filaments inserted under the rear part of the operculum scales are usually present, although they may be embedded; there is usually a strong opercular spine; the eyes are small, sometimes vestigal. These fishes bear their young (which are pelagic) alive; the males have an external intromittent organ. This circuntropical family contains about 96 species from 33 genera, including some from fresh and brackish waters and others from deep sea habitats. The reef species live deep in cracks and crevices. Brotulas are never seen unless flushed out with chemical fish poisons (used by scientific collectors). Sixteen species in four genera occur in our region, all of them endemics.


References
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Cohen , D. M. and McCosker, J. E., 1998., A new species of Bythitid fish, genus Lucifuga, from the Galápagos Islands., Bull. Mar. Sci., 63:179-187.
  • Cohen, D.M. and Nielsen, J.G., 1972., A review of the viviparous ophidioid fishes of the genus Saccogaster., Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 85:445-468.
  • Cohen, D.M., 1964., A review of the ophidioid fish genus Oligopus with the description of a new species from the West Africa., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 116:1-22.
  • Cohen, D.M., 1973., Viviparous ophidioid fish genus Calamopteryx: New species from the western Atlantic and Galápagos., Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 86:339-350.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Gill, T.N., 1863., Descriptions of the genera of gadoid and brotuloid fishes of western North America., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 15:242-254.
  • Goode , and Bean,., 1896., Oceanic Ichthyology, a treatise on the Deep-Sea and Pelagic Fishes of the World, Based Chiefly Upon the Collection Made by the Steamers Blake, Albatros, and Fish Hawk in the Northwestern Atlantic with an Atlas Containing 417 Figures., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., (2):553 pp.
  • Heller , E. and Snodgrass, R.E., 1903., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XV. New fishes., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 5:189-229.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part III., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:2183-3136.
  • Kendall , W.C. and Radcliffe, L., 1912., The shore fishes. Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer ALBATROSS, from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garret, U.S.N., Commanding. XXV., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 35(3):75-171.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1928., The marine fishes of Panama. Part III., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:709-1045.
  • Møller, P.R., Schwarzhans, W. and Nielsen, J.G., 2004., Review of the American Dinematichthyini (Teleostei: Bythitidae). Part I. Dinematichthys, Gunterichthys, Typhliasina and two new genera., Aqua, 8:141-192.
  • Nelson, J.S., 1984., Fishes of the World (Third edition)., John Wiley and Sons:523pp.
  • Osburn , R. C. and Nichols, J. T., 1916., Shore Fishes Collected by the 'Albatross' Expedition in Lower California with Descriptions of New Species., Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 35:139-181.
  • Poll , M. and Leleup, N., 1965., Un poisson aveugle noveau de la famille des Brotulidae provenant des iles Galapagos., Bull. Cl. Sci. Acad. Roy. Belg. Series 5, 51(4):464-474.
  • Poll , M. and Van Mol, J. J., 1966., Au sujet d'une espece inconnue de Brotulidae littoral des iles Galapagos, apparentee a l'espece aveugle Caecogilbia galapogensis Poll et Leleup., Bull. Cl. Sci. Acad. Roy. Belg. Series 5, 52(11):1444-1461.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Snodgrass , R. E. and Heller, E., 1905., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XVII. Shorefishes of the Revillagigedo, Clipperton, Cocos and Galapagos Island., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 6:333-427.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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