Cichla ocellaris Bloch and Schneider, 1801
  Fish   Cichlidae   Cichla

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Number of matches : 2
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Cichla ocellaris%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Animal") ORDER BY taxon

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Cichla ocellaris
UCMP specimen card
ID: 2222 0804 0010 0011 [detail]
© University of California Museum of Paleontology

Cichla ocellaris
Cichla ocellaris
Peacock Bass
ID: 0000 0000 1212 1034 [detail]
© 2012 Nathan Litjens

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Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Cichla ocellaris   Bloch & Schneider , 1801

Peacock cichlid Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cichla ocellaris   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pictures | Google image Image of Cichla ocellaris (Peacock cichlid) Cichla ocellaris
Female picture by Kullander, S.O.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Cichlinae
Etymology: Cichla: Greek, kichle = wrasse (Ref. 45335 ) .   More on author: Bloch , Schneider .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 5 - ? m.   Tropical; 24°C - 27°C (Ref. 2060 ); 26°N - 9°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Marowijne drainage in Suriname and French Guiana to the Essequibo drainage in Guyana.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 32 - ? cm
Max length : 74.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637 ); max. published weight: 6.8 kg (Ref. 40637 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Diagnosis. Distinguished from all other species of Cichla except C. nigromaculata , C. intermedia , C. piquiti , and C. melaniae , by presence of bars 1a and 2a. Lateral band abbreviated in juveniles. Distinguished from its congeners with abbreviated lateral band by lateral line usually continuous (vs. discontinuous or nearly always discontinuous in orinocensis and nigromaculata ; scales in E1 row (67-) 70-80 (-82) (vs. 84-93 in pleiozona ); occipital bar absent or indistinct (vs. emphasized in adults of monoculus , kelberi , and pleiozona ); abdominal blotches present (vs. absent in orinocensis ); vertical bars present at adult size (vs. three midlateral ocellated blotches in orinocensis ), except that an ocellated blotch consistently formed in dorsal portion of bar 3; absence of small black blotches on dorsum (vs. present in nigromaculata ); vertical bars about equally wide across side (vs. wide, occasionally confluent dorsally, and tapering ventrad in nigromaculata , monoculus , kelberi , and pleiozona . Distinguished from C. intermedia , C. piquiti , and C. melaniae by abbreviated vs. complete juvenile lateral band, less scales in E1 row (67-82 vs. (78) 83-108), and presence of ocellated blotch in dorsal portion of bar 3 vs. absence (Ref. 57716 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in the rapids, in quiet waters with medium depth and rocky substrates (Ref. 35237 ). Forms schools (Ref. 9086 ). Feeds only on small fish, especially threadfin shad, mosquito fish, tilapia and bluegill. Not considered ideal for aquaculture due to its highly predatory habits (Ref. 1739 ). Reproduction occurs year-round, with a peak at the start of the rainy season. About 9,000 to 15,000 eggs per kg are released during spawning. Spawning takes place every two months on a flat stone in shallow water. The sticky eggs, measuring 1.4 mm in diameter, take 78 hours to hatch at 28°C.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Spawning, with rare exceptions, takes place on a flat, horizontal surface which is either bare to begin with, or cleared of algae or other vegetation during the spawning activities. The female moves forward laying a single row of eggs and the male follows exuding sperm over each row. Once the eggs have hatched, the parents transport the larvae in their mouths to one of the depression nests.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Kullander, S.O. and H. Nijssen , 1989. The cichlids of Surinam: Teleostei, Labroidei. E.J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands. 256 p. (Ref. 26372 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest (Ref. 1739 )

Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial FAO(fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Food consumption
Common names
Egg development
Larval dynamics
Aquaculture profile
Allele frequencies
Mass conversion
Stamps, Coins
Swim. type
Gill area


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Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00691 - 0.02514), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  4.5   ±0.80 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming tm=1; multiple spawning per year; Fec=9,000-15,000). Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Luna, Susan M. Modified by Casal, Christine Marie V. Fish Forum
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