Ctenopharyngodon idella (Valenciennes, 1844)
CHINESE CARP
  Fish   Cyprinidae   Ctenopharyngodon


IDnature guides
Names
Scientific source:

Supported by

Following modified from Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission
   
Top | See original

&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 500 Can't connect to nis.gsmfc.org:80 (Bad hostname) http://nis.gsmfc.org/nis_factsheet.php?toc_id=182

Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   
Top | See original

 
Kingdom Animalia  
 Phylum Chordata  
 Class Actinopterygii  
 Order Cypriniformes  
 Family Cyprinidae  
 Genus Ctenopharyngodon  
  Ctenopharyngodon idella    (Valenciennes, 1844) 
Provider: Kwang-Tsao Shao 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Ctenopharingodon idella Ctenopharingodon idellus Ctenopharygodon idella Ctenopharyngodon idellus Ctenopharyngodon laticeps Leuciscus idella Leuciscus idellus Leuciscus tschiliensis Pristiodon siemionovii Sarcocheilichthys teretiusculus   details
Citation: 臺灣魚類誌(沈等, 1993); 臺灣淡水及河口魚類誌(陳&方, 1999); 福建魚類誌(朱等, 1985)
Name Code: 381004
  IUCN Red List:NL      
Suggested Link    The Fish Database of Taiwan    FishBase    Discover Life    World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)    Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
Previous Page       Home Page

Following modified from FishBase
   
Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/speciesSummary.php?genusname=Ctenopharyngodon&speciesname=idella ---> http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Ctenopharyngodon-idella.html

You can sponsor this page

Common name (e.g. trout)

Genus + Species (e.g. Gadus morhua)

Ctenopharyngodon idella   (Valenciennes, 1844)

Grass carp Add your observation in Fish Watcher
Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Ctenopharyngodon idella   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos  and  videos
Pictures | Stamps, Coins | Google image Image of Ctenopharyngodon idella (Grass carp) Ctenopharyngodon idella
Picture by JJPhoto

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Squaliobarbinae
Etymology: Ctenopharyngodon: Greek, kteis, ktenos = comb + Greek, pharyngx = pharynx + greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335 ) ;   idella: Cteno =comb; pharynx =throat; odon =tooth (in reference to its comblike pharyngeal teeth); and idella : presumably derived from the Greek idios, distinctive or peculiar (Ref. 79012 ) .

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; potamodromous (Ref. 51243 ); depth range 0 - 30 m (Ref. 6898 ).   Subtropical; 0°C - 35°C (Ref. 52059 ); 65°N - 25°N

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: China to eastern Siberia (Amur River system, Ref. 1441). Widely transported around the world (Ref. 7248 ). Persists only in Europe by stocking (Ref. 59043 ). Introductions often brought with it the parasitic tapeworm Bothriocephalus opsarichthydis (synonym of B. acheilognathi ) (Ref. 12217 ). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: L m   ? , range 58 - 79.2 cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30578 ); common length : 10.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840 ); max. published weight: 45.0 kg (Ref. 7248 ); max. reported age: 21 years (Ref. 48 )

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8; Anal spines : 3; Anal soft rays : 7 - 11. No barbels. Snout very short, its length less than or equal to eye diameter. Postorbital length more than half head length (Ref. 4967 ). 18 soft rays for caudal fin (Ref. 40476 ). Diagnosed from rather similar species Mylopharyngodon piceus by having the following characters: body olive to brassy green above, silvery white to yellow below; body cylindrical; pharyngeal teeth laterally compressed, serrated, with a groove along grinding surface, usually in two rows, 2,5-4,2 (Ref. 59043 ).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults occur in lakes, ponds, pools and backwaters of large rivers (Ref. 5723 ), preferring large, slow-flowing or standing water bodies with vegetation. Tolerant of a wide range of temperatures from 0° to 38°C, and salinities to as much as 10 ppt and oxygen levels down to 0.5 ppm. Feed on higher aquatic plants and submerged grasses; takes also detritus, insects and other invertebrates. One of the world's most important aquaculture species and also used for weed control in rivers, fish ponds and reservoirs (Ref. 9987 ). Spawn on riverbeds with very strong current (Ref. 30578 ). Utilized also fresh and eaten steamed, pan-fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9987 ). Considered as a pest in most countries because of the damages made to submerged vegetation (Ref. 43281 ).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Spawns in gravel bottomed areas of rivers (Ref. 48 ). Eggs are pelagic and hatch while drifting downstream in 2-3 days (Ref. 59043 ).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Shireman, J.V. and C.R. Smith , 1983. Synopsis of biological data on the grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1884). FAO Fish. Synop. No.135, 86 p. (Ref. 48 )

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185 )

    Not Evaluated  

CITES (Ref. 94142 )

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest




Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes FAO(Aquaculture: production , species profile ; fisheries: production ; publication : search ) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

E-book | Field guide | Identification keys | Length-frequency wizard | Life-history tool | Point map | Classification Tree | Catch-MSY |

Special reports

Check for Aquarium maintenance | Check for Species Fact Sheets | Check for Aquaculture Fact Sheets

Download XML

Summary page | Point data | Common names | Photos

Internet sources

Alien/Invasive Species database | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes ( gen. , sp. ) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishes of Iran | Fishtrace | GenBank( genome , nucleotide ) | GloBI | GOBASE | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | Public aquariums | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia( Go , Search ) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805 ):  PD 50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high]. Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.01032 - 0.01763), b=2.98 (2.90 - 3.06), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245 ). Trophic Level (Ref. 69278 ):  2.0   ±0.00 se; Based on food items. Resilience (Ref. 69278 ):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.13-0.19; tm=2-10; tmax=21; Fec=50,000). Prior r = 0.41, 2 SD range = 0.2 - 0.83, log(r) = -0.89, SD log(r) = 0.35, Based on: 8 K, 23 tgen, 1 tmax, 4 Fec records Vulnerability (Ref. 59153 ):  High to very high vulnerability (65 of 100) . Price category (Ref. 80766 ):   Unknown .

Entered by Acosta, Belen Modified by Kullander, Fang Fang Fish Forum
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book Back to Search Random Species Back to Top
Accessed through: Not available FishBase mirror site : localhost Page last modified by : mrius-barile - 20 July 2016
Total processing time for the page : 3.0034 seconds

Updated: 2017-09-23 05:35:09 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation