Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.
SPREADING OLEASTER
  Dicotyledoneae   Elaeagnaceae   Elaeagnus

Elaeagnus umbellata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Elaeagnus umbellata

Click on map or images to enlarge.
 
Elaeagnus umbellata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Elaeagnus umbellata

Elaeagnus umbellata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Elaeagnus umbellata

Elaeagnus umbellata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Elaeagnus umbellata

Elaeagnus umbellata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Elaeagnus umbellata

Elaeagnus umbellata
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Elaeagnus umbellata

Elaeagnus umbellata, _berries.JP80279_15.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Elaeagnus umbellata, berries
JP80279_15

Elaeagnus umbellata, _flowers.JP80279_14.320.jpg
© Photographer/source
Elaeagnus umbellata, flowers
JP80279_14
514 thumbnails  •  slide show
IDnature guides
Names
Scientific source:

Supported by
Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Aphididae  Capitophorus elaeagni @ NCSU_ENT (3)

Capitophorus hippophaes @ NCSU_ENT (3)
Halictidae  Agapostemon virescens @ AMNH_BEE (6)

Augochlorella aurata @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Halictus ligatus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Limacodidae  Acharia stimulea @ I_TQBH (4)
Megachilidae  Hoplitis pilosifrons @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hoplitis producta @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Osmia atriventris @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Osmia pumila @ AMNH_BEE (2)
_  fly @ I_JP (1)

Following served from The Nature Conservancy
   
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Following modified from University of Connecticut Plant Database
   
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&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 404 Not Found http://www.hort.uconn.edu/plants/e/elaumb/elaumb3.html

Following modified from Global Invasive Species Team, The Nature Conservancy
   
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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
   
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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Autumn Olive
Elaeagnaceae — Oleaster family
Invasive non-native
Elaeagnus umbellata
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
May 2003 Elaeagnus umbellata
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
September 2009 Elaeagnus umbellata
White Clay Creek State Park -- Possum Hill
May 2013

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

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Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.

Elaeagnus umbellata plant

Family - Elaeagnaceae

Stems - Commonly multiple from the base but sometimes with a single trunk, to +5m tall, erect, woody. Twigs densely lepidote, silvery. New seasons growth shiny silver because of dense scales.

Leaves - Alternate, petiolate. Petioles to -1cm long, densely lepidote, with a shallow adaxial groove. Blades elliptic to lanceolate, to 8cm long, -2.5cm broad, deep green adaxially and sparsely lepidote, slivery green and densely lepidote abaxially, rounded to acute at the apex.

Elaeagnus umbellata leaves

Inflorescence - Axillary umbels of 2-7 flowers. Pedicels to 5mm long in flower (to 12mm in fruit), densely lepidote.

Flowers - Petals absent. Sepals 4, united into a 4-lobed tube. Tube to +1cm long, whitish to pale yellow, drying yellow, 4-angled in cross section, densely lepidote. Lobes ovate, acute, 4-5mm long and broad, pubescent and white internally, lepidote externally. Stamens 4, adnate at the apex of the corolla tube. Filaments wanting. Anthers yellow, drying brown, to 2mm long. Style 1, pale green, stellate pubescent, exserted from the perianth, uncinate at the apex. Calyx tube with nectaries at the base internally. Ovary inferior, with 1 ovule, unilocular. Flowers very fragrant. Fruits globose to ovoid, 3-9mm in diameter, red.

Elaeagnus umbellata flowers

Elaeagnus umbellata flowers

Elaeagnus umbellata fruits Fruits.

Flowering - April - May.

Habitat - Cultivated and escaped to waste ground, roadsides, fencerows, thickets.

Origin - Native to Asia.

Other info. - This weedy species can be found escaped in a handful of Missouri counties but it will almost certainly expand its range with time. The plant is listed as a noxious weeds in many parts of North America. The fruits of this shrubby tree are quite edible and many animals help spread the seeds into the wild. The roots have nitrogen fixing nodules that enable the plant to survive in weak soils.
There are a few different species of Elaeagnus in Missouri. All are introduced and invasive.

Photographs taken off Hwy 29, Guilford County, NC., 4-20-03, and at the Kansas City Zoo., 7-12-99.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
   
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Rosales  
 Family Elaeagnaceae  
 Genus Elaeagnus  
  Elaeagnus umbellata    Thunb., 1784 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
hierarchy tree    download xml    download txt    Chinese Page    
Synonyms: Elaeagnus convexolepidota Elaeagnus obovata   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 3: 792, 1993; 台灣入侵及外來種圖鑑, 林業試驗所 2005
Name Code: 203974
   Alien     
Suggested Link    Discover Life    Flora of Taiwan 2nd eBooks (National Taiwan University)    Global Invasive Species Database (GISD)  
User Response:   upload Comments    upload Photo
 
Previous Page       Home Page

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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ELUM ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ELUM
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ELUM ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ELUM
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ELUM ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=ELUM
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.
autumn olive

Image of Elaeagnus umbellata

General Information
Symbol: ELUM
Group: Dicot
Family: Elaeagnaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Shrub
Native Status : CAN   I
HI   I
L48   I
Characteristics
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Elaeagnus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . Japan, Yokohama. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Guilford Co., 4900 Pearl Road. March 31, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Guilford Co., 4900 Pearl Road. March 31, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Guilford Co., 4900 Pearl Road. March 31, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Guilford Co., 4900 Pearl Road. March 31, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Guilford Co., 4900 Pearl Road. March 31, 2012. Usage Requirements .

Mark A. Garland. USA, NC, Guilford Co., 4900 Pearl Road. March 31, 2012. Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Rhamnales
Family Elaeagnaceae – Oleaster family
Genus Elaeagnus L. – oleaster
Species Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. – autumn olive

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Elaeagnus umbellata . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Elaeagnus umbellata</i>
Thunb. var. <i>
parvifolia</i>
(Wall. ex Royle) C.K. Schneid.
Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia
autumn olive

Legal Status

Noxious Weed Information
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete noxious weed list for that location, or click here for a composite list of all Federal and State Noxious Weeds .
Connecticut autumn olive Invasive, banned
Massachusetts autumn olive Prohibited
New Hampshire autumn olive Prohibited invasive Species
West Virginia autumn olive Noxious weed
U.S. Weed Information
Elaeagnus umbellata autumn olive oleaster This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
STATE Assorted authors. State noxious weed lists for 46 states . State agriculture or natural resource departments.
SEEPPC Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. 1996. Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee (19 October 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council. Tennessee.
WI Hoffman, R.and K. Kearns (eds.). 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants . Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (ELUM)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ELUM)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (ELUM)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (ELUM)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (ELUM)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (ELUM)
Related Websites
CT-Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group (ELUM)
CT-Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (ELUM)
CT-USDA NRCS Invasive Species Identification Sheets (ELUM)
IL-Illinois Natural History Survey (ELUM)
MA-Massachusetts Non-Native Plant Introductions (ELUM)
MO-Missouri Department of Conservation (ELUM)
OK-Noble Foundation Plant Image Gallery (ELUM)
PA-Invasive Weed Fact Sheet (Penn State) (ELUM)
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council (ELUM)
The Nature Conservancy: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program (ELUM)
USDA NRCS Connecticut State Office (ELUM)
University of Hawaii Botany Department: Alien Plants of Hawaii (ELUM)
VA-Virginia Native Plant Society (ELUM)
VA-Virginia Tech Dendrology (ELUM)
www.invasives.org (ELUM)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Minor Low Low
Yarrow Moderate

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Miller Moderate Moderate
Yarrow Moderate

Sources

Miller, J.H., and K.V. Miller. 1999. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses . Southern Weed Science Society.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
   
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CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 5
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Elaeagnus umbellata%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Elaeagnus umbellata
Elaeagnus umbellata
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1848 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Elaeagnus umbellata
Elaeagnus umbellata
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1849 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Elaeagnus umbellata
Elaeagnus umbellata
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0806 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Elaeagnus umbellata
Elaeagnus umbellata
ID: 0000 0000 0509 1723 [detail]
© 2009 Barry Rice

Elaeagnus umbellata
Elaeagnus umbellata
Spreading Oleaster
ID: 0000 0000 0510 2147 [detail]
© 2010 Phil Pullen

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


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