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Exocoetidae
FLYINGFISHES
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Cypselurus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Cypselurus
Cypselurus callopterus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Cypselurus callopterus

Parexocoetus brachypterus brachypterus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Parexocoetus brachypterus brachypterus
Parexocoetus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Parexocoetus

Fodiator rostratus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Fodiator rostratus
Fodiator
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Fodiator

Fodiator rostratus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Fodiator rostratus
Cheilopogon spilonotopterus
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Cheilopogon spilonotopterus

Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus californicus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Cheilopogon pinnatibarbatus californicus
Cheilopogon dorsomacula
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Cheilopogon dorsomacula

Cheilopogon
© Copyright John Rangall, 2006 · 0
Cheilopogon
Cheilopogon atrisignis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Cheilopogon atrisignis

Cheilopogon papilio
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Cheilopogon papilio
Cheilopogon spilonotopterus
www.fao.org Copyright Michel Lamboeuf · 0
Cheilopogon spilonotopterus

Exocoetidae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Exocoetidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • pectorals: large wings
  • c: forked, lower lobe longer
FAMILY EXOCOETIDAE

FLYINGFISHES

Flyingfishes are aptly named for their habit of emerging quickly from the water and gliding for long distances (up to 200-300 m) with their outstretched pectoral fins (and enlarged pelvic fins in some species). These function as wings and are held rigid, without any flapping movements. When swimming the pectorals are held flat against the body. In flyingfishses the tail is deeply forted with a longer lower lobe, the fins lack spines the lateral line is low on the body. Flyingfishes are primarily inhabitants of the open sea, but are often seen close to the outer edge of coral reefs over deep water. They feed mostly on planktonic organisms. The eggs are relatively large and have sticky filaments that attach to floating and benthic weeds.

The family occurs in all warm seas and contains nine genera and about 65 species. We include the tropical eastern Pacific representatives that can be found within ~50km of the shore, 15 species in 8 genera.


References
  • Abe., 1955., On a new Pacific flying-fish, Prognichthys sealei, retaining five unbranched fin-rays above in the pectoral throughout life., Records of Oceanographic Works, 2:185-192.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1997., An Annotated Checklist of the fishes of Clipperton Atoll, Tropical Eastern Pacific., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 45:813-843.
  • Bleeker,., 1866., Systema Balistidorum, Ostracionidorum, Gymnodontidorumque revisum., Neder. Tijdschr. Dierk., 3:8-19.
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1928., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Nematognathi, Apodes, Isospondyli, Synentognathi, and Thoracostraci from Panama to Lower California with a generic analysis of the Exocoetidae., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(2):1-25.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
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  • Clark, H.W., 1936., The Templeton Crocker Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences.1932. No. 29. New and noteworthy fishes., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 4), 4:21(29):383-396.
  • Cooper, J. G., 1863., On new genera and species of Californian fishes--No. II., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1), 3:93-97.
  • Cuvier , G. and Valenciennes, A., 1847., Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome dix-neuvieme. Suite du livre dix-neuvieme. Brochets ou Lucioides. Livre vingtieme. De quelques familles de Malacopterygiens, intermediaires entre les Brochets et les Clupes., Histoire Naturelle Des Poissons, 19:i-xix + 1-544 + 6pp.
  • Dasilao , J. C., Jr. , Sasaki , K. and Okamura, )., 1997., The Hemiramphid, Oxyporhamphus, is a flyingfish (Exocoetidae)., Ichthyological Research, 44:101-107.
  • De la Cruz , J. , Galvan , F. , Abitia , L. A. , Rodriguez , J. and Gutierrez, F. J., 1994., Lista sistematica de los peces marinos de Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur (Mexico). Systematic List of marine fishes from Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur (Mexico)., Ciencias Marinas, 20:17-31.
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  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Franke , R. and Acero P., A., 1992., Peces óseos comerciales del Parque Gorgona, Pacífico Colombiano (Osteichthyes: Elopidae, Chanidae, Exocoetidae, Belonidae y Scombridae)., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 40:117-124.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • Gilbert, C.H., 1890., A preliminary report on the fishes collected by the steamer "Albatross" on the Pacific coast of North America during the year 1889, with descriptions of twelve new genera and ninety-two new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 13:49-126.
  • Gotshall, D.W., 1996., Fishes of Rocas Alijos. In Rocas Alijos. Ed. R. W. Schmieder. Cornell Expeditions., Kluwer Academic Publishers: 347-354.
  • Günther, A., 1866., Catalogue of fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Salmonidae, Percopsidae, Galaxidae, Mormyridae, Gymnarchidae, Esocidae, Umbridae, Scombresocidae, Cyprinodontidae, collection of the British Museum., Brithish Museum (Natural History)6:1-368.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Jenkins, O. P., 1903., Report on collections of fishes made in the Hawaiian Islands, with descriptions of new species., Bull. U.S. Fish Comm., 22:415-511.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Jordan , and McGregor,., 1898., List of fishes collected at the Revillagigedo archipelago and neighboring islands., Rept. U.S. Fisheries Comm., 24:271-284.
  • Kendall , W.C. and Radcliffe, L., 1912., The shore fishes. Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer ALBATROSS, from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garret, U.S.N., Commanding. XXV., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 35(3):75-171.
  • Lea, R. N., 1980., Systematics and zoogeogaphy of cusk-eels of the family Ophidiidae, subfamily Ophiddinae, from the eastern pacific ocean., University of Miami:188pp.
  • Linnaeus, C., 1758., Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae., Systema Nat. ed. 10, 1:1-824.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Lovejoy, N. R., 2000., Reinterpreting recapitulation: systematics of needlefishes and their allies (Teleostei: Beloniformes)., Evolution, 54:1349-1362.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1923., The marine fishes of Panama. Part I., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:1-330.
  • Nelson, J.S., 1984., Fishes of the World (Third edition)., John Wiley and Sons:523pp.
  • Nichols , J. T. and Breder, C. M., 1928., An annotated list of the synentognathi with remarks on their development and relationships collected by the Arcturus., Zoologica, 8:423-448.
  • Nichols , J. T. and Breder, C. M., 1935., New pacific flying-fishes collected by templeton crocker., Amer. Mus. Novit., (821):1-4.
  • Parin, N.V. and Shakhovskoy, I.B., 2000., A review of the flying fish genus Exocoetus (Exocoetidae) with descriptions of two new species from the southern Pacific Ocean., Journal Ichthyology (English translation of Voprosy Ikhtiologie), 40:31-63.
  • Pérez-Mellado, J., Findley, LL. F., 1985., Evaluación de la ictiofauna acompañante del camarón capturado en las costas de Sonora y norte de Sinaloa, México. In Yáñez-Arancibia, A. (Ed.) Recursos pesqueros potenciales de México: La pesca acompañante del camarón., Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México: Cap. 5:201-254.
  • Richardson, J., 1846., Report on the ichthyology of the seas of China and Japan., Rep. Brit. Assoc. Adv. Sci., 1845:187-320.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Fishes collected from the Revillagigedo Islands during the 1954-1958 cruises of the "Marijean."., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 4:10pp.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Robertson , D.R. and Allen, G.A., 1996., Zoogeography of the shorefish fauna of Clipperton Atoll., Coral Reefs, 15:121-131.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Snodgrass , R. E. and Heller, E., 1905., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XVII. Shorefishes of the Revillagigedo, Clipperton, Cocos and Galapagos Island., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 6:333-427.
  • Valenciennes, A., 1847., Poissons. Catalogue des principales espèces de poissons, rapportées de l'Amérique méridionale. In: A. d'Orbigny. Voyage dans l'Amérique méridionale., Poissons Amér. Méridionale, 5:1-11.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.
  • Walker, B. W. and Baldwin, W. J., 1964., Provisional check list of fishes of the Revillagigedo islands., 18 pp.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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