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Kyphosidae
SEA CHUBS
Seachubs

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Kyphosus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Kyphosus
Kyphosus analogus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Kyphosus analogus

Kyphosus analogus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Kyphosus analogus
Kyphosus elegans
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Kyphosus elegans

Kyphosus elegans
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Kyphosus elegans
Kyphosus lutescens
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Kyphosus lutescens

Kyphosus lutescens
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Kyphosus lutescens
Kyphosus lutescens
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Kyphosus lutescens

Medialuna californiensis
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Medialuna californiensis
Sectator
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Sectator

Sectator ocyurus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Sectator ocyurus
Girella
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Girella

Girella freminvillei
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Girella freminvillei
Girella freminvillei
© Copyright Roger Steene, 2006 · 0
Girella freminvillei

Kyphosidae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Kyphosidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • small head and mouth
  • body compressed oval
  • 1 dorsal fin unnotched
  • teeth = incisors
  • pelvic behind base small pectoral
  • small rough scales
FAMILY KYPHOSIDAE

SEA-CHUBS, HALF MOONS, NIBBLERS, OPALEYES, RUDDERFISHES

The chubs, sometimes called rudderfishes or drummers, are moderately deep-bodied, compressed fishes with a small head and a small terminal mouth; the teeth are incisiform; and the rear top jawbone slips partially under the under-eye bone when the mouth is closed. The scales are small and rough, covering most of the head and soft portions of the median fins. The dorsal fin is continuous, and the tail is concave to forked; the paired fins are relatively short, with the origin of the pelvics behind the base of the pectoral fin.

Most of these fishes are omnivorous, but feed mainly on benthic algae; their digestive tract is very long, as would be expected from their plant-feeding habits. However one eastern Pacific species is a mid-water feeding zooplanktivore. They sometimes occur in huge aggregations that swarm over the reef's surface.

The family is found circumglobally and contains about 45 species in 13 genera. It is divisible into two subfamilies, the Kyphosinae and the Girellinae (sometimes regarded as separate families). The latter group is mainly subtropical or temperate in distribution. In our region there are 9 endemic species from 5 genera (1 endemic).



References
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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