D I S C O V E R    L I F E   
Bee Hunt! Odonata Lepidoptera 
  HomeAll Living ThingsIDnature guidesGlobal mapperAlbumsLabelsSearch
  AboutNewsEventsResearchEducationProjectsStudy sitesHelp


Labridae
WRASSES
Sheepheads

Life   Vertebrata   Fish

Links

    We parsed the following live from the Web into this page. Such content is managed by its original site and not cached on Discover Life. Please send feedback and corrections directly to the source. See original regarding copyrights and terms of use.
  • Fishbase

80x5 - 240x3 - 240x4 - 320x1 - 320x2 - 320x3 - 640x1 - 640x2
Set display option above.
Click on images to enlarge.
Bodianus diplotaenia
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Bodianus diplotaenia
Bodianus eclancheri
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Bodianus eclancheri

Bodianus diplotaenia
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Bodianus diplotaenia
Halichoeres adustus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres adustus

Halichoeres adustus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres adustus
Halichoeres adustus
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres adustus

Halichoeres discolor
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres discolor
Halichoeres discolor
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres discolor

Halichoeres discolor
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres discolor
Halichoeres discolor
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres discolor

Halichoeres insularis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres insularis
Halichoeres insularis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres insularis

Halichoeres malpelo
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres malpelo
Halichoeres malpelo
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Halichoeres malpelo

Labridae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Labridae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • body compressed
  • ll: complete, 1-2 sections
  • d: 1, simple, long base
  • mouth at front;thick prominent lips
  • teeth on plates in throat
  • large smooth scales
FAMILY LABRIDAE

WRASSES, HOGFISHES, MOON-WRASSES, RAZORFISHES, SHEEPHEADS

Wrasses are a diverse family occurring in a variety of environmental conditions including tidepools, rocky or coral reefs, weedbeds, and open sand bottoms. Most inhabit tropical and subtropical latitudes, but a significant number of species also dwell in cooler temperate seas. This large family contains approximately 60 genera and about 500 species, well over half of which are distributed in the Indo-Pacific region. There are 34 species from 10 genera known from the eastern Pacific. Thirty-one shallow water species (3 Indo-Pacific species, 1 Pacific species, and the remainder endemics) from 8 genera (1 endemic to the eastern Pacific) have been recorded from our region.

Diagnostic features include a single continuous dorsal fin, not obviously notched between the spinous and soft portions (some Xyrichtys have a few isolated spines at the front of the dorsal fin on the head), large smooth scales, and a continuous or broken lateral line. Dorsal spine counts of tropical species generally range from VIII to XIV and vary from flexible to stout and sharp-tipped. There is usually III anal spines (rarely II). The mouth is terminal in position and varies from small to moderate in size; the rear top jawbone is not visible on the cheek; there are usually well developed canine teeth at the front of the jaws that may project forward; there are rarely teeth on the roof of the mouth, but the grinding plates inside the throat are well developed.

Wrasses feed on a wide variety of items including zooplankton, fishes, and invertebrates such as polychaete worms, brittle stars, crabs and shrimps. Many also consume hard-shelled items such as molluscs and sea urchins, which are crushed with their pharyngeal teeth. Many of the larger wrasses are considered good eating. Labrids have an interesting reproductive biology that involves sex reversal. Initial stage adults are generally female, but are capable of changing into males. Many species have very different color patterns depending on the stage of the life cycle. Juveniles have either cryptic camouflage patterns or exhibit bright "poster" colors. They frequently possess one or more false eye spots (ocelli) on the median fins. Initial phase females are often somber shades of brown or green, or if a distinct pattern is present it is usually less attractive than that of the brightly colored terminal phase males. Spawning occurs in groups or in pairs. Males may instantaneously "flash" special nuptial colors and engage in aggressive chasing behavior in order to attract prospective mates. The resultant spawning frenzy culminates when eggs and sperm are released at the apex of a rapid ascent towards the surface.


References
  • Aburto-Oropeza , O. and Balart, E. F., 2001., Community structure of reef fish in several habitats of a rocky reef in the Gulf of California., Marine Ecology, 22:283-305.
  • Acosta Salmón , H. and Martínez Fernández, E., 2000., Propuesta preliminar ... de concha nacar (Pteria sterna Gould, 1851) en la Bahía de la Paz, Baja California Sur, México. En Aburto Oropeza, O. y C. A. Sánchez Ortiz (Eds.). Recursos arrecifales del Golfo de California, …., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:95-106.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1992., Deux nouvelles especes de Girelles (Labridae: Halichoeres) du Pacifique oriental tropical., Revue Francaise de Aquariologie, 19:47-52.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1994., Fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific., Crawford House Press Pty Ltd:1-332.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1995., Xyrichtys wellingtoni, a new species of Wrasse (Labridae) from Clipperton Island, Tropical Eastern Pacific Ocean., Revue Francaise de Aquariologie, 22:80-82.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 1997., An Annotated Checklist of the fishes of Clipperton Atoll, Tropical Eastern Pacific., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 45:813-843.
  • Allen , G.R. and Robertson, D.R., 2002., Halichoeres salmofasciatus, a new species of wrasse (Labridae) from Isla del Coco, tropical eastern Pacific., Aqua, 5:65-72.
  • Allen, G.R., 1995., Thalassoma robertsoni, a new species of Wrasse (Labriade) from Clipperton Island Tropical Eastern Pacific Ocean., Revue Francaise de Aquariologie, 22:75-79.
  • Almenara Roldán, S. C., 2000., Demanda internacional en el manejo de especies marinas de ornato. En Aburto Oropeza, O. y C. A. Sánchez Ortiz (Eds.). Recursos arrecifales del Golfo de California, estrategias de manejo para las especies marinas de ornato., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:30-38.
  • Ayres, W. O., 1854., Description of new fishes from California. (Minutes of Academy meetings printed in "The Pacific" (a newspaper) shortly after each meeting. New species date to publication in The Pacific. Dates of publication are given in each species account)., The Pacific, 3.
  • Ayres, W. O., 1859., On new fishes of the Californian coast., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 1), 2:25-32.
  • Baldwin , C. C. and McCosker, J. E., 2001., Wrasses of the Galápagos Islands, with the description of a new deepwater species of Halichoeres (Perciformes: Labridae)., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 49(Supplement 1):89-100.
  • Bleeker,., 1851., Bijdrage tot de kennis der ichthyologische fauna van de Banda-eilanden., Natuurkd. Tijdschr. Neder. Indië, 2:225-261.
  • Breder, C.M. Jr., 1936., Scientific results of the second oceanographic expedition of the "Pawnee" 1926. Heterosomata to Pediculati from Panama to Lower California., Bull. Bingham Oceanogr. Collect. Yale Univ., 2(3):1-56.
  • Bussing, W.A., 1972., Halichoeres aestuaricola, a replacement name for the tropical eastern Pacific labrid fish, Iridio bimaculata Wilson, with a redescription based on new material., Brenesia (Nat. Mus. Nac. Costa Rica), 1:3-8.
  • Bussing, W.A., 1983., A new tropical eastern Pacific labrid fish, Halichoeres discolor endemic to Isla del Coco, Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 31(1):19-23.
  • Bussing, W.A., 1987., Los peces de la familia Labridae de la Costa Pacífica de Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 33:81-98.
  • Béarez, P., 1996., Lista de los Peces Marinos del Ecuador Continental., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 44:731-741.
  • Castri-Aguirre, J.L., Espinoza-Pérez, H. and Schmitter-Soto, J.J., 2002., Lista sitemática, biogeográfica y ecológica de la ictiofauna estuarino lagunar y vicaria de México. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:117-142.
  • Castro-Aguirre , J. L. , Balart , E. F. and Arvizu-Martínez, J., 1995., Contribución al conocimiento del origen y distribución de la ictiofauna del Golfo de California, México., Hidrobiologica, 5:57-78.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L. and Balart, E.F., 2002., La ictiofauna de las islas Revillagigedos y sus relaciones zoogeograficas, con comentarios acerca de su origen y evolucion. En: Lozano-Vilano, M. L. (Ed.). Libro Jubilar en Honor al Dr. Salvador Contreras Balderas., Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo León:153-170.
  • Castro-Aguirre, J.L., 1999., Ictiofauna estuarino-lagunar y vicaria de México., Editorial Limusa S.A. de C.V.: 1-629pp.
  • Cuesta, T.C., 1932., Lista de los peces de las costas de la Baja California., Inst. Biol. Mexico, Anal, 3(1):75-80.
  • Cuvier , G. and Valenciennes, A., 1840., Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome quatorzième. Suite du livre seizième. Labroïdes. Livre dix-septième. Des Malacoptérygiens., Histoire Naturelle Des Poissons, 14:1-464.
  • De la Cruz , J. , Galvan , F. , Abitia , L. A. , Rodriguez , J. and Gutierrez, F. J., 1994., Lista sistematica de los peces marinos de Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur (Mexico). Systematic List of marine fishes from Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur (Mexico)., Ciencias Marinas, 20:17-31.
  • Di Caporiacco, L., 1948., Miscellanea ichthyologica., Boll. Pesca Piscic. Idrobiol., 2:193-205.
  • Edgar, G.J. Banks, S., Fariña, J.M., Calvopiña, M. and Martínez, C., 2004., Regional biogeography of shallow reef fish and macro-invertebrate communities in the Galapagos archipelago., Journal of Biogeography, 31:1107-1124.
  • Elorduy Garay , J. F. and Jiménez Gutiérrez, S. V., 2000., Metodologías para el estudio de los peces de arrecife. En Aburto Oropeza, O. y C. A. Sánchez Ortiz (Eds.). Recursos arrecifales del Golfo de California, estrategias de manejo para las especies marinas de ornato., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:72-82.
  • Eschmeyer , W. N. , Herald , E. S. and Hamman, H., 1983., A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America from the Gulf of Alaska to Baja California. Peterson Field Guide Ser. 28., Houghton Mifflin:336pp.
  • Findley, L.T., Hendrickx, M.E., Brusca, R.C., van der Heiden, A.M., Hastings, P.A., Torre, J., 2003., Diversidad de la Macrofauna Marina del Golfo de California, Mexico., CD-ROM versión 1.0. Projecto de la Macrofauna del Golfo .  Derechos reservados de los autores y Conservación Internacional.
  • Fischer , W. , Krup , F. , Schneider , W. , Sommer , C. , Carpenter , K. E. and Niem, V. H., 1995., Guia FAO para la Identificacion de Especies de para los fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. Volumen III. Vertebrados - Parte 2., FAO3:1201-1813.
  • Forsskål, P., 1775., Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit... Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Hauniae., Descr. Animalium, :1-164.
  • Fowler, H.W., 1944., Results of the Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition (1941) (Bahamas, Caribbean sea, Panama, Galapagos Archipelago and Mexican Pacific Islands). The Fishes., Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel., Monographs, 6:57-529.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., Pérez-España, H., Chávez-Ramos, H., 1996., Systematics list of the fishes from Cerralvo island, Baja California Sur, Mexico., Ciencias Marinas, 22:295-311.
  • Galván-Magaña, F., Gutiérrez-Sánchez, F., Abitia-Cárdenas, L.A., Rodríguez-Romero, J., 2000., The distribution and affinities of the shore fishes of the Baja California Sur lagoons. In Aquatic Ecosystems of Mexico: Status and Scope. Eds. M. Manuwar, S.G. Lawrence, I.F. Manuwar & D.F. Malley. Ecovision World Monograph Series., Backhuys Publishers:383-398.
  • García-Rodríguez , F. J. and Aurioles-Gamboa, D., 1997., Contribución al conocimiento de la diversidad íctica en la Bahía de La Paz por … lobo marino de California, Zalophus californianus californianus. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:151-162.
  • Gilbert, C.H., 1890., A preliminary report on the fishes collected by the steamer "Albatross" on the Pacific coast of North America during the year 1889, with descriptions of twelve new genera and ninety-two new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 13:49-126.
  • Gill, T.N., 1862., Catalogue of the fishes of Lower California in the Smithsonian Institution, collected by Mr. J. Xantus. Part 1., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila., 14:140-151.
  • Gomon, M.F., 1974., A new eastern Pacific labrid (Pisces), Decodon melasma, a germinate species of the western Atlantic D. puellaris., Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 87(19):205-216.
  • Gomon, M.F., 1997., Relationships of fishes of the labrid tribe Hypsigenyini., Bull. Mar. Sci., 60:789-871.
  • Gotshall, D.W., 1996., Fishes of Rocas Alijos. In Rocas Alijos. Ed. R. W. Schmieder. Cornell Expeditions., Kluwer Academic Publishers: 347-354.
  • Günther, A., 1864., On some new species of Central American fishes., Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 14:227-232.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1946., A descriptive catalog of the shore fishes of Peru., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 189:1-530.
  • Hooker, Y., 1998., Fauna asociada a las aguas cálidas presentes en la Bahía de Pucusana durante El Niño 1997-98, Junio a Julio de 1997., Instituto del Mar del Peru, Informe., 85:3-20.
  • Humann, P., 1993., Reef Fish Identification: Galapagos., New World Publishing:192pp.
  • Jenkins , O.P. and Evermann, B.W., 1889., Description of eighteen new species of fishes from the Gulf of California., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 11:137-158.
  • Jenyns, L., 1842., Fish. In: C. Darwin, ed. The zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. 'Beagle' under the command of Captain Fitzroy, R.N. during the years 1832 to 1836. Issued in 4 parts., Smith, Elder & Co.:i-xvi + 1-172.
  • Jimenez-Prado, P., Béarez, P., 2004., Peces marinos del Ecuador continental / Marine fishes of continental Ecuador., SIMBIOE/NAZCA/IFEA tomo 1 y 2.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Evermann, B.W., 1898., The fishes of North and Middle America: a descriptive catalogue of the species of fish-like vertebrates found in the waters of North America, north of the Isthmus of Panama. Part II., Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 47:1241-2183.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1880., Notes on a collection of fishes from San Diego, California., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 3:23-34.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1882., Notes on a collection of fishes made by Lieut. Henry E. Nichols, U.S.N., on the west coast of Mexico, with descriptions of new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 4:225-233.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1883., Catalogue of the fishes collected by Mr. John Xantus at Cape San Lucas, which are now in the United States National Museum, with descriptions of eight new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5(1882):353-371.
  • Jordan , and McGregor,., 1898., List of fishes collected at the Revillagigedo archipelago and neighboring islands., Rept. U.S. Fisheries Comm., 24:271-284.
  • Jordan, D.S., 1895., The fishes of Sinaloa., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2), 5:377-514.
  • Kendall , W.C. and Radcliffe, L., 1912., The shore fishes. Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, ... by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer ALBATROSS, from October, 1904, to March, 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garret, U.S.N., Commanding. XXV., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 35(3):75-171.
  • Lacepède, B. G. E., 1802., Histoire naturelle des poissons., Histoire Naturelle Des Poissons, 4:i-xliv + 1-728.
  • Lea, R.N. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 2000., Observations on fishes associated with the 1997-1998 El Niño off California., CalCOFL Rep., 41:117-129.
  • Lopez , M. I. and Bussing, W. A., 1982., Lista provisional de los peces marinos de la Costa Rica., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 30(1):5-26.
  • Love, M.S., Mecklenburg, C.W., Mecklenburg, T.A., Thorsteinson, L.K., 2005., es of the West Coast and Alaska: a checklist of North Pacific and Artic Ocena species from Baja California to the Alaska-Yukon border., U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, 288pp.
  • Madrid Vera , J. , Ruíz Luna , A. and Rosado Bravo, I., 1998., Peces de la plataforma continental de Michoacán y sus relaciones regionales en el Pacífico mexicano., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 42(2):267-276.
  • McCosker , J.E. and Humann, P.H., 1996., New records of Galápagos fishes., Charles Darwin Foundation, Noticias de Galápagos., 56:18-26.
  • McCosker , J.E. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 1975., Fishes collected at Malpelo Island. In Graham, J.B. (ed.) The Biological Investigation of Malpelo Island, Colombia., Smithsonian Contrib. Zool., 176:91-93.
  • McCosker , J.E. and Rosenblatt, R.H., 1985., The inshore fish fauna of the Galápagos Islands. In Key Environments-Galápagos, ed. R. Perry., Pergamon Press:133-144.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1928., The marine fishes of Panama. Part III., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., XV:709-1045.
  • Molina, L., Danulat, E., Oviedo, M., González, J.A., 2004., Guía de especies de interés pesquero en la Reserva Marina de Galápagos., Fundación Charles Darwin / Agencia Espeñola de Cooperación Internacional / Dirección Parque Nacional Galápagos, 115pp.
  • Nelson, J.S., 1984., Fishes of the World (Third edition)., John Wiley and Sons:523pp.
  • Orellana, J.J., 1985., Marine Fishes of Los Cóbanos: Fishes of El Salvador., Sigma Found:126pp.
  • Osburn , R. C. and Nichols, J. T., 1916., Shore Fishes Collected by the 'Albatross' Expedition in Lower California with Descriptions of New Species., Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 35:139-181.
  • Pondella II, D.J., Gintert, B.E., Cobb, J.R., Allen, L.G., 2005., Biogeography of the nearshore rocky-reef fishes at the southern and Baja California islands., Journal of Biogeography, 32:187-201.
  • Ramírez Rodríguez, M., 1997., Producción pesquera en la Bahía de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:273-282.
  • Randall, J. E., Randall, H. A., 1981., A revision of the labrid fish genus Pseudojuloides, with descriptions of five new species., Pac. Sci., 35:51-74.
  • Randall, J.E. and Earle, J.L., 2002., Review of Hawaiian razorfishes of the genus Iniistius (Perciformes: Labridae)., Pac. Sci., 56:389-402.
  • Randall, J.E., 1995., On the validity of the eastern Pacific labrid fishes Thalassoma grammaticum Gilbert and T. virens Gilbert., Bull. Mar. Sci., 56:670-675.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Fishes collected from the Revillagigedo Islands during the 1954-1958 cruises of the "Marijean."., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 4:10pp.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Robertson , D.R. and Allen, G.A., 1996., Zoogeography of the shorefish fauna of Clipperton Atoll., Coral Reefs, 15:121-131.
  • Rodríguez-Romero, J., Abitia-Cardenas, L.A., Aguilar-Palomino, B., 1993., Range extension and first record of some marine fish in Baja California, Mexico., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 41:917-919.
  • Rosenblatt , R.H. , McCosker , J.E. and Rubinoff, I., 1972., Indo-west Pacific fishes from the Gulf of Chiriqui, Panama., Contrib. Sci. Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 234:18pp.
  • Rubio , R. E. A. and Estupiñan, F., 1990., Ictiofauna del Parque Nacional Natural Sanquianga, un Analisis de su Estructura y Perspectivas para su Manejo., Memorias del VII Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias y Tecnologías del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :660-670.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1986., Notas sobre la ictiofauna de la Isla de Gorgona, Colombia., Boletin Ecotropica. Univ. Bog. Jorge Tadeo Lozano, 13:86-112.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1988., Estudio taxonomico de la ictiofauna acompañante del camaron en areas costeras del Pacifico de Colombia., Memorias del VI Seminario Nacional de las Ciencias del Mar. Comisión Colombiana de Oceanografía. Bogota, Colombia., :169-183.
  • Rubio, E.A., 1990., Ictiofauna Indopacifica asociada a los corales de la Isla de Gorgona., Revista de Ciencias, 2:97-105.
  • Snodgrass , R. E. and Heller, E., 1905., Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition, 1898-1899. XVII. Shorefishes of the Revillagigedo, Clipperton, Cocos and Galapagos Island., Proc. Wash. Acad. Sci., 6:333-427.
  • Sánchez Ortíz , C. , Arreola Robles , J. L. , Aburto Oropeza , O. and Cortés Hernández, M., 1997., Peces de arrecife en la región de La Paz, B.C.S.. En Urbán Ramírez, J. y M. Ramírez Rodríguez (Eds.). La Bahía de La Paz investigación y conservación., Universidad Autónoma de Baja California Sur:189-200.
  • Thomson , D.A. , Findley , L.T. and Kerstitch, A.N., 2000., Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez., University of Texas Press(Revised Ed.):353.
  • Valenciennes, A., 1846., Table + Ichthyology Pls. 1-10. In: A. du Petit-Thouars. Atlas de Zoologie. Voyage autour du monde sur la frégate "Vénus," pendant les années 1836-1839., Voyage Venus,.
  • Van der Heiden , A. M. and Findley, L. T., 1988., Lista de los peces marinos del sur de Sinaloa, México., Anales del Centro de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologia de la Universidad Autonoma Nacional de Mexico, 15:209-224.
  • Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.
  • Victor , B. C. , Wellington , G. M. , Robertson , D. R. and Ruttenberg, B., 2001., The effect of the EL Niño-Southern oscilation event in the distribution of reef-associated labrid fishes in the Eastern Pacific ocean., Bull. Mar. Sci., 69:279-288.
  • Victor , B. C. and Wellington, G. M., 2001., A review of the razorfishes (Perciformes: Labridae) of the eastern Pacific Ocean., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 49(Supplement 1):101-109.
  • Victor, B. C. and Wellington, G. M., 2000., Endemism and the pelagic larval duration of reef fishes in the eastern Pacific Ocean., Marine Ecology Progress Series, 205:241-248.
  • Victor, B. C., 1986., Durtation of the planktonic larval stage of one hundred species of Pacific and Atlantic wrasses (family Labridae)., Marine Biology, 90:317-326.
  • Villareal-Cavazos, A., Reyes-Bonilla, H., Bermúdez-Almada, B. and Arizpe-Covarrubias, O., 2000., Los peces del arrecife de Cabo Pulmo, Golfo de California, México: Lista sistemática y aspectos de abundancia y biogeografía., Rev. Biol. Trop., 48:413-424.
  • Walker, B. W. and Baldwin, W. J., 1964., Provisional check list of fishes of the Revillagigedo islands., 18 pp.
  • Wellington , G. M. , Allen , G. R. and Robertson, D. R., 1994., Xyrichtys perlas, (Labridae) a new species of razorfish from the tropical Eastern Pacific., Revue Francaise de Aquariologie, 21:49-52.
  • Wellington, G. M. and Victor, B. C., 1992., Regional differences in duration of the planktonic larval stage of reef fishes in the eastern Pacific Ocean., Marine Biology, 113:491-498.
  • Wellington, G., 1992., Xyrichtys victori, a new species of razorfish from the Galapagos Islands (Teleostei: Labridae)., Copeia, 1992:1053-1059.
  • Wellington, G.M. and Robertson, D. R., 2001., Variation in larval life-history traits among reef fishes across the Isthmus of Panama., Marine Biology, 138:11-22.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


Supported by
go to Discover Life's Facebook group

Following modified from Fishbase
   Top | See original

http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/FamilySummary.cfm?Id=362 ---> http://www.fishbase.org/Summary/FamilySummary.php?Id=362



No records found!...
Search again ...



Updated: 2017-09-26 18:13:56 gmt
Discover Life | Top
© Designed by The Polistes Corporation