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Poeciliidae
POECILIIDS
Toothcarps

Life   Vertebrata   Fish

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Poeciliopsis elongata
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Poeciliopsis elongata
Poeciliopsis elongata
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Poeciliopsis elongata

Poeciliopsis turrubarensis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Poeciliopsis turrubarensis
Poeciliopsis turrubarensis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Poeciliopsis turrubarensis

Poeciliopsis
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Poeciliopsis
Poeciliopsis elongata
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Poeciliopsis elongata

Poeciliopsis elongata
© Copyright Photographer/SFTEP, 2002 · 0
Poeciliopsis elongata
Poeciliopsis elongata
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Poeciliopsis elongata

Poeciliidae
© Copyright Ross Robertson, 2006 · 12
Poeciliidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • mouth protrusible
  • 1 d
  • c: rounded
  • pectoral high
  • pelvic under pectoral
  • male with long sex organ
FAMILY POECILIIDAE

LIVEBEARERS, TOOTHCARPS

This family includes many popular aquarium fishes, including the world famous Guppy (Poecilia reticulata), swordtails, platies, and mollies. They are inhabitants of fresh and brackish waters of low-lying areas of tropical and temperate in American's seas. As the common name suggests, almost all the members of this family give birth to live young. Males of most specie are characterized by the presence of a gonopodium, a specialized organ which facilitates internal fertilization. It is an elongated structure composed primarily from the third, fourth, and fifth anal rays. The pectoral fins are placed high on the sides of the body and the pelvic fins are situated under the pectoral fin.

The family contains about 36 genera with approximately 285 species. Five members of one genus that commonly occur in brackish estuaries in our region are treated here.


References
  • Bussing, W.A., 1987., Peces de las aguas continentales de Costa Rica., Universidad de Costa Rica:271pp.
  • Dorda, J. and Perdices, A., 1997., Ictiofauna continental de la Isla de Coiba (Panamá). En Castroviejo, S. y Velayos M. (Eds): Flora y fauna del Parque Nacional de Coiba (Panamá). Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional., Serviprint:155-175.
  • Garman, S., 1895., The cyprinodonts., Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., 19 (pt 1):1-179.
  • Günther, A., 1866., Catalogue of fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the Physostomi, containing the families Salmonidae, Percopsidae, Galaxidae, Mormyridae, Gymnarchidae, Esocidae, Umbridae, Scombresocidae, Cyprinodontidae, collection of the British Museum., Brithish Museum (Natural History)6:1-368.
  • Hildebrand, S.F., 1925., Fishes of the Republic of El Salvador, Central America., Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries., 41:236-287.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Bollman, C.H., 1890., Descriptions of new species of fishes collected at the Galapagos Islands and along the coast of the United States of Colombia, 1887-88, by the U.S. Fish Commission steamer 'Albatross'., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 12:149-183.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1882., List of Fishes now in the Museum of Yale College, Collected by Prof. Frank H. Bradley, at Panama, with Descriptions of Three New Species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5:620-632.
  • Jordan , D.S. and Gilbert, C.H., 1883., List of the fishes now in the museum of Yale College, collected by Prof. Frank H. Bradley at panama, with descriptions of three new species., Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 5(1882):620-632.
  • Meek , S.E. and Hildebrand, S.F., 1916., The fishes of the freshwater of Panama., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., 10:217-314.
  • Meek, S. E., 1904., The fresh-water fishes of Mexico north of the isthmus of Tehuantepec., Field Columbian Mus. Zool. Ser., 5:i-lxiii + 1-252.
  • Meek, S. E., 1912., New species of fishes from Costa Rica., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Zool. Ser. Publ., 10:69-75.
  • Miller, R.R., 1960., Four new species of viviparous fishes, genus Poeciliopsis, from northwestern Mexico., Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich., 619:1-11.
  • Nelson, J.S., 1984., Fishes of the World (Third edition)., John Wiley and Sons:523pp.
  • Phillips, P. C., 1981., Annotated Checklist of Fishes at Jiquilisco Bay, El Salvador., Revista de Biologia Tropical, 29:45-58.
  • Ricker, K.E., 1959., Mexican shore and pelagic fishes collected from Acapulco to Cape San Lucas during the 1957 cruise of the "Marijean"., Univ. Brit. Columbia Inst. Fish., Mus. Contrib., 3:18pp.
  • Rosen , D. E. and Bailey, R. M., 1963., The Poeciliid Fishes (Cyprinodontiformes), Their Structure, Zoogeography, and Systematics., Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 126:1-176.
  • Vega, A.J., Villareal, N., 2003., Peces asociados a arrecifes y manglares en el Parque Nacional Coiba., Tecnociencia, 5:65-76.
  • Wischnath, L., 1993., Atlas of livebearers of the world., T.F.H. Publications:336pp.

Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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