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Sparidae
PORGIES
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Calamus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Calamus
Calamus brachysomus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Calamus brachysomus

Archosargus
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Archosargus
Archosargus pourtalesii
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Archosargus pourtalesii

Sparidae
© Copyright Gerald Allen, 2006 · 0
Sparidae
español

Overview
Main identification features
  • snout and under eye: no scales
  • deep compressed body
  • 1d
  • mouth small
  • teeth: conical at front, molars at rear
  • preopercle smooth
FAMILY SPARIDAE

PORGIES, SEABREAMS

Porgies are snapper-like fishes with an oblong to oval compressed body; dorsal fin with X-XIII spines and 8-15 soft rays; anal fin with III spines and 8-14 soft rays; margin of preopercle smooth; scales usually weakly rough; cheeks and opercles usually scaly (but no scales between the eye end mouth); teeth conical or incisiform, molars present in some species; no teeth on roof of mouth; and the tail fin forked to concave.

Porgies are a worldwide family that occur in all temperate and tropical seas; approximately 121 species are known from 37 genera. However, only three endemic species from two genera are seen in the tropical eastern Pacific.

Southern Africa has a particularly rich sparid fauna, with over one-third of the world's species found there. Porgies frequent a variety of habitats including brackish estuaries, bays, coastal reefs, and deeper waters of the continental shelf. Some porgies are hermaphroditic, undergoing sex reversal from male to female. They feed on a variety of plants and animals, although benthic invertebrates such as molluscs, crabs, and urchins form most of the diet of many species.


References
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Acknowledgements

I thank Ashley MacDonald and John Pickering, University of Georgia, for technical support in building this page.


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